Basic security in the field pdf Economy

basic security in the field pdf

PDF form field properties Adobe Acrobat Basic tactics on VIP protection (two hours) = lesson 1 Practice (11 hours and half of practical lessons) = lesson 2 The practice should be carried out over a number of days and the instructors should be aware that the physically demanding nature of deploying the FPU in VIP

The UN Department of Safety and Security (UNDSS) has

Information Security Basic Principles Video with Lesson. In Adobe Acrobat, how a form field behaves is determined by settings in the Properties dialog box for that individual field. You can set properties that apply formatting, determine how the form field information relates to other form fields, impose limitations on what the user can enter in the form field, trigger custom scripts, and so on., Title Slide of UNDSS Basic and Advanced Security in the Field Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website..

Basic tactics on VIP protection (two hours) = lesson 1 Practice (11 hours and half of practical lessons) = lesson 2 The practice should be carried out over a number of days and the instructors should be aware that the physically demanding nature of deploying the FPU in VIP A Security Officer serves as a symbol of the stability and authority upon whom the students, faculty and staff can rely. A Security Officer’s conduct is noticed to a greater extent than other employees and, when actions are found unwarranted, excessive, or unjustified, they are judged far more severely than the conduct of other employees.

OSHA Field . Safety and Health Manual * OSHA ARCHIVE DOCUMENT * NOTICE: This is an OSHA ARCHIVE Document and may no longer represent OSHA policy. * OSHA ARCHIVE DOCUMENT * This document is presented here as historical content, for research and review purposes only. SGB 2003- 19 [Basic security in the field - staff safety, health and welfare].doc

An Introduction to Computer Security: The NIST Handbook Special Publication 800-12. iii 1 It is recognized that the computer security field continues to evolve. To address changes and new issues, need assistance understanding basic concepts and techniques. In Adobe Acrobat, how a form field behaves is determined by settings in the Properties dialog box for that individual field. You can set properties that apply formatting, determine how the form field information relates to other form fields, impose limitations on what the user can enter in the form field, trigger custom scripts, and so on.

physician’s office, accessed over the Internet, basic cybersecurity practices are needed. The U.S. Department of Health and Human Service (HHS), through the Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology (ONC) is providing this guide as a first take on the key security points to keep in mind when protecting EHRs. DraftSecurity Training Manual Trainers' Guide Commissioned by DG ECHO 2006. The modules provide those staff, entrusted with the role of security, some basic training modules that can be used to train both national and international staff in the field.

16/10/2012 · Emergency Film Group's 'Roles and Responsibilities' DVD studies how professional security officers support a secure facility in a professional, friendly, and welcoming manner and portrays many of the common problems Security Officers will be expected to address. The Basic Security In the Field e-learning course contains vital security information for personnel, family members and others covered by the UN Security Management System (UNSMS). BSITF II is mandatory for all individuals covered by the UN Security Management System, regardless of grade or function.

Response: Security individuals should follow the instructions of the pastor from the pulpit. If at any time, the individual appears to threaten the safety of the congregation, the armed security officer should be summoned and law enforcement notified. Active Shooter (from Department of Homeland Security) Food Security Information for Action Practical G uides An Introduction to the Basic Concepts of Food Security The EC - FAO Food Security Programme is funded by the European Union and implemented by FAO 1 I. THE FOUR DIMENSIONS OF FOOD SECURITY Food security exists when all people, at all times, have physical and economic access to sufficient

A Kerberos user ID identifies you to the MIT electronic security system. At MIT, you will use your Kerberos user ID and password for multiple purposes, The SAP Basic Navigation for Human Resources is MIT-specific and is designed for new SAP The Standard Toolbar contains the Command field and the standard SAP Toolbar buttons. use of armed security services from a private security companyis justified, a request for approval must be submitted to the Under-Secretary-General for Safety and Security for consideration. The Executive Heads of the affected agencies, funds and programmes or the head of …

FIFA Stadium Safety and Security Regulations. 2 CONTENTS Page Article 2 CONTENTS 6 DEFINITIONS PREAMBLE 11 Preamble I. GENERAL PROVISIONS 12 1. Scope of application 13 2. Basic principles II. SAFETY AND SECURITY MANAGEMENT 14 3. Defi nitions and requirements 14 4 Field of play 48 33. Special security provisions for teams, offi cials Larger State Commitment Needed to Protect Cyber Data: UMGC faculty member Debora Plunkett called for more investment into cyber security defense in remarks to the Maryland Cybersecurity Council on January 25, 2018. Six Must-Reads for Your Cyber Book List: When you assemble your next cyber security reading list, start with these recommendations.

In Information Security Culture from Analysis to Change, authors commented, "It's a never ending process, a cycle of evaluation and change or maintenance." To manage the information security culture, five steps should be taken: pre-evaluation, strategic planning, operative … Response: Security individuals should follow the instructions of the pastor from the pulpit. If at any time, the individual appears to threaten the safety of the congregation, the armed security officer should be summoned and law enforcement notified. Active Shooter (from Department of Homeland Security)

Larger State Commitment Needed to Protect Cyber Data: UMGC faculty member Debora Plunkett called for more investment into cyber security defense in remarks to the Maryland Cybersecurity Council on January 25, 2018. Six Must-Reads for Your Cyber Book List: When you assemble your next cyber security reading list, start with these recommendations. DraftSecurity Training Manual Trainers' Guide Commissioned by DG ECHO 2006. The modules provide those staff, entrusted with the role of security, some basic training modules that can be used to train both national and international staff in the field.

Police Officer Field Training Manual Medford Oregon. This certificate is awarded to Mir Mohammad SARWAR for the successful completion of the course Basic Security in the Field 2.0 By UNDSS Date: 31/05/2015, A Security Officer serves as a symbol of the stability and authority upon whom the students, faculty and staff can rely. A Security Officer’s conduct is noticed to a greater extent than other employees and, when actions are found unwarranted, excessive, or unjustified, they are judged far more severely than the conduct of other employees..

Basic Tactics on VIP Protection DAG Repository

basic security in the field pdf

Basic security in the field staff safety health and. Basic Security Training (BST) is available through the JIBC as an online course, or through one of our approved Security Training Schools. Approved Security Training Schools are required to follow the training standards for the security industry as outlined in the Security Services Act., Basic Security in the Field: Staff Safety, Health and Welfare prepared by UNSECOORD and UNHCR. Objective: This course is mandatory for all UNDP staff members. The course can help you to avoid or minimize possible dangers and equip you with basic knowledge ….

www.orhma.com. UNSMS and the overall safety and security of United Nations personnel, premises and assets at both field and headquarters locations. The Under-Secretary-General for Safety and Security represents the Secretary-General on all security-related matters and serves as the Chairman of the IASMN. The responsibilities of the Under-, SGB 2003- 19 [Basic security in the field - staff safety, health and welfare].doc.

Security Guard Study Guide

basic security in the field pdf

Security Guard Study Guide. A Kerberos user ID identifies you to the MIT electronic security system. At MIT, you will use your Kerberos user ID and password for multiple purposes, The SAP Basic Navigation for Human Resources is MIT-specific and is designed for new SAP The Standard Toolbar contains the Command field and the standard SAP Toolbar buttons. Basic Security Training (BST) is available through the JIBC as an online course, or through one of our approved Security Training Schools. Approved Security Training Schools are required to follow the training standards for the security industry as outlined in the Security Services Act..

basic security in the field pdf

  • Basic Security Training Justice Institute of British
  • FIFA Stadium Safety and Security Regulations
  • Why Work in Cyber Security? UMGC

  • ASITF stands for Advanced Security in the Field (UN) Suggest new definition. This definition appears rarely and is found in the following Acronym Finder categories: Information technology (IT) and computers; Organizations, NGOs, schools, universities, etc. See other definitions of ASITF. A Security Officer serves as a symbol of the stability and authority upon whom the students, faculty and staff can rely. A Security Officer’s conduct is noticed to a greater extent than other employees and, when actions are found unwarranted, excessive, or unjustified, they are judged far more severely than the conduct of other employees.

    Requirements for Basic Security in the Field (BSITF)is not linked to Security Levels. All United Nations personnel must successfully complete “Basic Security in the Field” (BSITF) training. BSITF certificate is valid for three years, at which point staff members must recertify. A Kerberos user ID identifies you to the MIT electronic security system. At MIT, you will use your Kerberos user ID and password for multiple purposes, The SAP Basic Navigation for Human Resources is MIT-specific and is designed for new SAP The Standard Toolbar contains the Command field and the standard SAP Toolbar buttons.

    OSHA Field . Safety and Health Manual * OSHA ARCHIVE DOCUMENT * NOTICE: This is an OSHA ARCHIVE Document and may no longer represent OSHA policy. * OSHA ARCHIVE DOCUMENT * This document is presented here as historical content, for research and review purposes only. The Basic Security In the Field e-learning course contains vital security information for personnel, family members and others covered by the UN Security Management System (UNSMS). BSITF II is mandatory for all individuals covered by the UN Security Management System, regardless of grade or function.

    physician’s office, accessed over the Internet, basic cybersecurity practices are needed. The U.S. Department of Health and Human Service (HHS), through the Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology (ONC) is providing this guide as a first take on the key security points to keep in mind when protecting EHRs. Basic Security In The Field II (French) Au sujet de ce cours Le cours de base de sécuritésur le terrain (BSITF II) contient des informations sécuritaires essentielles pour le personnel, leur famille et autres personnes couvertes par le système de gestion des organismes des Nations Unies (UNSMS).

    Basic Networking Concepts 1. Introduction 2. Protocols 3. Protocol Layers 4. Network Interconnection/Internet. 2 1. Introduction-A network can be defined as a group of computers and other devices connected in some ways so as to be able to exchange data. areas. You will learn the basics of field security and will exercise the key points of this module in case studies. These case studies are the starting point for the rest of the Basic Course. Participants will learn the following: - Context Analysis; what is the impact of my …

    PDF is a portable document format that can be used to present documents that include text, images, multimedia elements, web page links, etc. It has a wide range of features. The first thing we must understand is that the PDF file format specification is publicly available here and can be used by anyone interested in PDF file format. Requirements for Basic Security in the Field (BSITF)is not linked to Security Levels. All United Nations personnel must successfully complete “Basic Security in the Field” (BSITF) training. BSITF certificate is valid for three years, at which point staff members must recertify.

    A Kerberos user ID identifies you to the MIT electronic security system. At MIT, you will use your Kerberos user ID and password for multiple purposes, The SAP Basic Navigation for Human Resources is MIT-specific and is designed for new SAP The Standard Toolbar contains the Command field and the standard SAP Toolbar buttons. areas. You will learn the basics of field security and will exercise the key points of this module in case studies. These case studies are the starting point for the rest of the Basic Course. Participants will learn the following: - Context Analysis; what is the impact of my …

    DPSST Unarmed Security Professional Training Manual March 2011 Security staff is available to assist you, THE FIELD A. Foot or Vehicle Patrol PO-3-A-1 Identify the importance of a daily individual patrol and location action plan. B. Citizen Contacts in the Field areas. You will learn the basics of field security and will exercise the key points of this module in case studies. These case studies are the starting point for the rest of the Basic Course. Participants will learn the following: - Context Analysis; what is the impact of my …

    The UN Department of Safety and Security (UNDSS) has launched a new version of the on-line Basic Security in the Field course – BSITF II. This new course fully replaces the original Basic Security in the Field (BSITF). The old BSITF certificates will be valid until 25 September 2012 . … Basic Security in the Field: Staff Safety, Health and Welfare prepared by UNSECOORD and UNHCR. Objective: This course is mandatory for all UNDP staff members. The course can help you to avoid or minimize possible dangers and equip you with basic knowledge …

    A Security Officer serves as a symbol of the stability and authority upon whom the students, faculty and staff can rely. A Security Officer’s conduct is noticed to a greater extent than other employees and, when actions are found unwarranted, excessive, or unjustified, they are judged far more severely than the conduct of other employees. A Security Officer serves as a symbol of the stability and authority upon whom the students, faculty and staff can rely. A Security Officer’s conduct is noticed to a greater extent than other employees and, when actions are found unwarranted, excessive, or unjustified, they are judged far more severely than the conduct of other employees.

    basic security in the field pdf

    areas. You will learn the basics of field security and will exercise the key points of this module in case studies. These case studies are the starting point for the rest of the Basic Course. Participants will learn the following: - Context Analysis; what is the impact of my … A Kerberos user ID identifies you to the MIT electronic security system. At MIT, you will use your Kerberos user ID and password for multiple purposes, The SAP Basic Navigation for Human Resources is MIT-specific and is designed for new SAP The Standard Toolbar contains the Command field and the standard SAP Toolbar buttons.

    Basic Security Training Justice Institute of British

    basic security in the field pdf

    Basic Security in the Field. Basic Security In The Field II (French) Au sujet de ce cours Le cours de base de sécuritésur le terrain (BSITF II) contient des informations sécuritaires essentielles pour le personnel, leur famille et autres personnes couvertes par le système de gestion des organismes des Nations Unies (UNSMS)., PDF merge. Merge is the most used PDFsam Basic module and lets you combine PDF files together. Page ranges. Input PDF files can be merged completely or partially. A page selection can be set in the form of comma separated page intervals (Ex. 1-10, 14, 25-) letting you specify what pages you want to merge for every input PDF file.

    Basic Security for the Small Healthcare Practice

    SAP Security Concepts Segregation of Duties Sensitive. Requirements for Basic Security in the Field (BSITF)is not linked to Security Levels. All United Nations personnel must successfully complete “Basic Security in the Field” (BSITF) training. BSITF certificate is valid for three years, at which point staff members must recertify., Basic tactics on VIP protection (two hours) = lesson 1 Practice (11 hours and half of practical lessons) = lesson 2 The practice should be carried out over a number of days and the instructors should be aware that the physically demanding nature of deploying the FPU in VIP.

    Food Security Information for Action Practical G uides An Introduction to the Basic Concepts of Food Security The EC - FAO Food Security Programme is funded by the European Union and implemented by FAO 1 I. THE FOUR DIMENSIONS OF FOOD SECURITY Food security exists when all people, at all times, have physical and economic access to sufficient The Police Officer Field Training Manual (FTM) is issued to every new certifiable police officer. The field training manual is designed to provide law enforcement agencies an additional essential element of the officer’s training program once the new officer has completed the Basic Police Course. Completion of the manual will reinforce and

    Larger State Commitment Needed to Protect Cyber Data: UMGC faculty member Debora Plunkett called for more investment into cyber security defense in remarks to the Maryland Cybersecurity Council on January 25, 2018. Six Must-Reads for Your Cyber Book List: When you assemble your next cyber security reading list, start with these recommendations. Compulsory security training for UN personnel covers UNSMS. Check if participants have taken Basic and Advanced Security in the Field courses. If they have, make the lesson an interactive one, building on existing knowledge base. Evaluate whether people have learned the essentials. If …

    DPSST Unarmed Security Professional Training Manual March 2011 Security staff is available to assist you, THE FIELD A. Foot or Vehicle Patrol PO-3-A-1 Identify the importance of a daily individual patrol and location action plan. B. Citizen Contacts in the Field UNSMS and the overall safety and security of United Nations personnel, premises and assets at both field and headquarters locations. The Under-Secretary-General for Safety and Security represents the Secretary-General on all security-related matters and serves as the Chairman of the IASMN. The responsibilities of the Under-

    OSHA Field . Safety and Health Manual * OSHA ARCHIVE DOCUMENT * NOTICE: This is an OSHA ARCHIVE Document and may no longer represent OSHA policy. * OSHA ARCHIVE DOCUMENT * This document is presented here as historical content, for research and review purposes only. areas. You will learn the basics of field security and will exercise the key points of this module in case studies. These case studies are the starting point for the rest of the Basic Course. Participants will learn the following: - Context Analysis; what is the impact of my …

    The Police Officer Field Training Manual (FTM) is issued to every new certifiable police officer. The field training manual is designed to provide law enforcement agencies an additional essential element of the officer’s training program once the new officer has completed the Basic Police Course. Completion of the manual will reinforce and Download free Acrobat Reader DC software, the only PDF viewer that lets you read, search, print, but print, sign, and annotate PDFs with the free Adobe Acrobat Reader DC. Get support for a wide range of document security standards.

    A Kerberos user ID identifies you to the MIT electronic security system. At MIT, you will use your Kerberos user ID and password for multiple purposes, The SAP Basic Navigation for Human Resources is MIT-specific and is designed for new SAP The Standard Toolbar contains the Command field and the standard SAP Toolbar buttons. In Adobe Acrobat, how a form field behaves is determined by settings in the Properties dialog box for that individual field. You can set properties that apply formatting, determine how the form field information relates to other form fields, impose limitations on what the user can enter in the form field, trigger custom scripts, and so on.

    ASITF stands for Advanced Security in the Field (UN) Suggest new definition. This definition appears rarely and is found in the following Acronym Finder categories: Information technology (IT) and computers; Organizations, NGOs, schools, universities, etc. See other definitions of ASITF. DPSST Unarmed Security Professional Training Manual March 2011 Security staff is available to assist you, THE FIELD A. Foot or Vehicle Patrol PO-3-A-1 Identify the importance of a daily individual patrol and location action plan. B. Citizen Contacts in the Field

    Basic Security Training (BST) is available through the JIBC as an online course, or through one of our approved Security Training Schools. Approved Security Training Schools are required to follow the training standards for the security industry as outlined in the Security Services Act. 16/10/2012 · Emergency Film Group's 'Roles and Responsibilities' DVD studies how professional security officers support a secure facility in a professional, friendly, and welcoming manner and portrays many of the common problems Security Officers will be expected to address.

    27/01/2017 · This feature is not available right now. Please try again later. An Introduction to Computer Security: The NIST Handbook Special Publication 800-12. iii 1 It is recognized that the computer security field continues to evolve. To address changes and new issues, need assistance understanding basic concepts and techniques.

    Compulsory security training for UN personnel covers UNSMS. Check if participants have taken Basic and Advanced Security in the Field courses. If they have, make the lesson an interactive one, building on existing knowledge base. Evaluate whether people have learned the essentials. If … Basic tactics on VIP protection (two hours) = lesson 1 Practice (11 hours and half of practical lessons) = lesson 2 The practice should be carried out over a number of days and the instructors should be aware that the physically demanding nature of deploying the FPU in VIP

    Basic Security for the Small Healthcare Practice

    basic security in the field pdf

    Security Guard Study Guide. Basic Security In the Field II 1. CERTIFICATE of ACHIEVEMENT This is to certify that kayfi rasul has completed the course Basic Security In The Field II 12 May 2016 TpwwbbPZYF This certificate is valid for 3 years after the date of completion., and field values . 1 . 2 . 3 . The SAP Authorization Concept . Three levels of security in SAP. 12 March 2015 . PwC . Authorization Object: Template for security that contains fields with • Security is built based on small, definable tasks, executed by the user, such as process cash receipts..

    Basic Security In the Field II SlideShare. Basic tactics on VIP protection (two hours) = lesson 1 Practice (11 hours and half of practical lessons) = lesson 2 The practice should be carried out over a number of days and the instructors should be aware that the physically demanding nature of deploying the FPU in VIP, Basic tactics on VIP protection (two hours) = lesson 1 Practice (11 hours and half of practical lessons) = lesson 2 The practice should be carried out over a number of days and the instructors should be aware that the physically demanding nature of deploying the FPU in VIP.

    Basic Security for the Small Healthcare Practice

    basic security in the field pdf

    www.orhma.com. ASITF stands for Advanced Security in the Field (UN) Suggest new definition. This definition appears rarely and is found in the following Acronym Finder categories: Information technology (IT) and computers; Organizations, NGOs, schools, universities, etc. See other definitions of ASITF. In Information Security Culture from Analysis to Change, authors commented, "It's a never ending process, a cycle of evaluation and change or maintenance." To manage the information security culture, five steps should be taken: pre-evaluation, strategic planning, operative ….

    basic security in the field pdf


    Response: Security individuals should follow the instructions of the pastor from the pulpit. If at any time, the individual appears to threaten the safety of the congregation, the armed security officer should be summoned and law enforcement notified. Active Shooter (from Department of Homeland Security) 02/10/2017 · Information security is a big field, with companies, governments, researchers, and specialists engaged in the work daily. In essence, however, information security rests on four fundamental principles that you can use every day to protect yourself in today's interconnected world.

    • The term “SECURITY” or “SECURITY GUARD” must be displayed on the uniform in specific places and specific dimensions. • The uniform must include an identification tag, which shows the licensee’s name, or licence number or both. • A security guard uniform should not bear any traits that resemble a police Response: Security individuals should follow the instructions of the pastor from the pulpit. If at any time, the individual appears to threaten the safety of the congregation, the armed security officer should be summoned and law enforcement notified. Active Shooter (from Department of Homeland Security)

    Download free Acrobat Reader DC software, the only PDF viewer that lets you read, search, print, but print, sign, and annotate PDFs with the free Adobe Acrobat Reader DC. Get support for a wide range of document security standards. Basic Security In the Field II 1. CERTIFICATE of ACHIEVEMENT This is to certify that kayfi rasul has completed the course Basic Security In The Field II 12 May 2016 TpwwbbPZYF This certificate is valid for 3 years after the date of completion.

    Compulsory security training for UN personnel covers UNSMS. Check if participants have taken Basic and Advanced Security in the Field courses. If they have, make the lesson an interactive one, building on existing knowledge base. Evaluate whether people have learned the essentials. If … 16/10/2012 · Emergency Film Group's 'Roles and Responsibilities' DVD studies how professional security officers support a secure facility in a professional, friendly, and welcoming manner and portrays many of the common problems Security Officers will be expected to address.

    UNSMS and the overall safety and security of United Nations personnel, premises and assets at both field and headquarters locations. The Under-Secretary-General for Safety and Security represents the Secretary-General on all security-related matters and serves as the Chairman of the IASMN. The responsibilities of the Under- Basic Security In The Field (BSITF) contains vital security information for personnel, family members and others covered by the UN Security Management System (UNSMS). BSITF is mandatory for all individuals covered by the UN Security Management System, regardless of grade or function.

    OSHA Field . Safety and Health Manual * OSHA ARCHIVE DOCUMENT * NOTICE: This is an OSHA ARCHIVE Document and may no longer represent OSHA policy. * OSHA ARCHIVE DOCUMENT * This document is presented here as historical content, for research and review purposes only. Response: Security individuals should follow the instructions of the pastor from the pulpit. If at any time, the individual appears to threaten the safety of the congregation, the armed security officer should be summoned and law enforcement notified. Active Shooter (from Department of Homeland Security)

    DraftSecurity Training Manual Trainers' Guide Commissioned by DG ECHO 2006. The modules provide those staff, entrusted with the role of security, some basic training modules that can be used to train both national and international staff in the field. Basic Networking Concepts 1. Introduction 2. Protocols 3. Protocol Layers 4. Network Interconnection/Internet. 2 1. Introduction-A network can be defined as a group of computers and other devices connected in some ways so as to be able to exchange data.

    Basic Security In The Field II (French) Au sujet de ce cours Le cours de base de sécuritésur le terrain (BSITF II) contient des informations sécuritaires essentielles pour le personnel, leur famille et autres personnes couvertes par le système de gestion des organismes des Nations Unies (UNSMS). • The term “SECURITY” or “SECURITY GUARD” must be displayed on the uniform in specific places and specific dimensions. • The uniform must include an identification tag, which shows the licensee’s name, or licence number or both. • A security guard uniform should not bear any traits that resemble a police

    DraftSecurity Training Manual Trainers' Guide Commissioned by DG ECHO 2006. The modules provide those staff, entrusted with the role of security, some basic training modules that can be used to train both national and international staff in the field. OSHA Field . Safety and Health Manual * OSHA ARCHIVE DOCUMENT * NOTICE: This is an OSHA ARCHIVE Document and may no longer represent OSHA policy. * OSHA ARCHIVE DOCUMENT * This document is presented here as historical content, for research and review purposes only.

    This certificate is awarded to Mir Mohammad SARWAR for the successful completion of the course Basic Security in the Field 2.0 By UNDSS Date: 31/05/2015 12/12/2018 · In the Password Security Settings dialog box, set a Document Open password to create a password-protected PDF. Adding a password as a security method will prevent the file from being opened and viewed by anyone who finds the PDF. Type your password in …

    PDF is a portable document format that can be used to present documents that include text, images, multimedia elements, web page links, etc. It has a wide range of features. The first thing we must understand is that the PDF file format specification is publicly available here and can be used by anyone interested in PDF file format. In Adobe Acrobat, how a form field behaves is determined by settings in the Properties dialog box for that individual field. You can set properties that apply formatting, determine how the form field information relates to other form fields, impose limitations on what the user can enter in the form field, trigger custom scripts, and so on.